Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a decree today imposing new sanctions on North Korea as a delegation from Pyongyang is currently in Russia. The new restrictions are based on North Korea’s continued dismissal of United Nations Security Council sanctions on its nuclear program.
The delegation arrived in St-Petersburg for the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) assembly.
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The decree is based on the United Nations Security Council resolution on restrictions imposed to North Korea in November 2016.
Resolution 2321 was adopted unanimously in November 2016. At the time, Russia’s Vladimir Safronkov said “his delegation supported the resolution in response to the fifth nuclear test by the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea. Although that country had ignored the demands of the international community, the resolution was not aimed at ending the possibility of relaunching negotiations and seeking a political solution, he said, emphasizing it could not be used to smother the country’s economy or exacerbate the humanitarian situation. Moreover, the situation in the Korean Peninsula should not provide a pretext for enhancing military capacities, he warned, strongly condemning the deployment of anti-missile systems there. The Russian Federation called upon all parties to demonstrate restraint, not to exacerbate the situation and to seek ways out of the crisis.”
The resolution, a document of 40 pages, includes punitive measures introduced back in 2007. It also refers to 11 North Korean individuals who are linked to Pyongyang’s nuclear program (Annex I of Resolution 2321).
The decree affects collaboration between both countries in areas such as science and technology. However, collaboration in “nuclear science and technology, air-and-space machine engineering or state-of-the-art industrial technology and methods” can still be conducted as long as it’s not related to the development of North Korea’s nuclear- and ballistic-missile programs.
Russia’s restrictions are a blow to North Korea’s economy as well as its weaponry development. In fact, Russia will strip the registration of ships linked to North Korea’s nuclear program, and ban them from entering Russian ports, except for emergencies. The sanctions also affects Russia’s delivery of helicopters and ships to Pyongyang.
Adding to that, North Korean officials won’t be able to use properties not related to diplomatic and consulate facilities in Russia.
Russia also severely restricted ‘luxury’ items such as “carpets and porcelain worth more than $500 and $100 respectively,” according to Russia Today.